S. Kravtsov, N. Sugiyama, and A. A. Tsonis
Department of Mathematical Sciences, Atmospheric Science Group, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, P.O. Box 413, Milwaukee, WI 53201–0413, USA
Received: 11 Nov 2014 – Accepted for review: 12 Nov 2014 – Discussion started: 09 Dec 2014
Abstract. Dynamical systems like the one described by the three-variable Lorenz model may serve as metaphors for complexity in nature. When natural systems are perturbed by external forcing factors, they tend to relax back to their equilibrium conditions after the forcing has shut off. Here we investigate the behavior of such transients in the Lorenz model by studying its trajectories initialized far away from the asymptotic attractor. Perhaps somewhat surprisingly, these transient trajectories exhibit complex routes and, among other things, sensitivity to initial conditions akin to that of the asymptotic behavior on the attractor. Thus, similar extreme events may lead to widely different variations before the perturbed system returns back to its statistical equilibrium.
Kravtsov, S., Sugiyama, N., and Tsonis, A. A.: Transient behavior in the Lorenz model, Nonlin. Processes Geophys. Discuss., 1, 1905-1917, doi:10.5194/npgd-1-1905-2014, 2014.