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Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/npg-2018-50
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/npg-2018-50
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 05 Dec 2018

Research article | 05 Dec 2018

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This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics (NPG).

On the localization in strongly coupled ensemble data assimilation using a two-scale Lorenz model

Zheqi Shen1, Youmin Tang1,2, Xiaojing Li1, Yanqiu Gao1, and Junde Li1 Zheqi Shen et al.
  • 1State Key Laboratory of Satellite Ocean Environment Dynamics, Second Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Hangzhou 310012, China
  • 2Environmental Science and Engineering, University of Northern British Columbia, Prince George V2N 4Z9, Canada

Abstract. In the data assimilation of coupled models, the stongly coupled data assimilation (SCDA) is much more complicated than the weakly coupled data assimilation (WCDA), since it involves the cross-domain error covariances which could be very inaccurate when the ensemble size is small. In this study, the SCDA experiments are conducted using a two-scale Lorenz '96 model, which is a coupled system composed by two Lorenz '96 models in two domains have different temporal and spatial scales. A localization strategy is specially designed for the cross-domain error covariances when the ensemble adjustment Kalman filter (EAKF) is used for the coupled data assimilation (CDA) experiments. The formulas for computing the localization factors that can deal with multiple spatial scales and provide essential information are developed to imporve the quality of analyses. The result shows that the SCDA can provides much more accurate estimation of the states than the WCDA when the localization for the cross-domain error covariances is used. Moreover, it is found that the advantage of the SCDA over the WCDA for this model is attributed to the assimilation of small scale observations into the coupled system, whereas the contribution of the assimilation of the large-scale observations to the coupled system is not obvious. This current study provides a possible strategy or idea for developing operational CDA using realistic coupled models.

Zheqi Shen et al.
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Short summary
In this work, we conduct the strongly coupled data assimilation (SCDA) experiments using a two-scale Lorenz '96 model with the ensemble adjustment Kalman filter. This is a coupled system composed by two models with different scales. We have developed a new localization strategy for the cross-domain error covariances, which is crucial for the quality of SCDA. The results show that the SCDA with localization could provide much more accurate estimation of the states than the WCDA.
In this work, we conduct the strongly coupled data assimilation (SCDA) experiments using a...
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