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Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/npg-2019-25
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/npg-2019-25
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 04 Jun 2019

Research article | 04 Jun 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics (NPG).

A Parallel Hybrid Intelligence Algorithm for Solving Conditional Nonlinear Optimal Perturbation to Identify Optimal Precursors of North Atlantic Oscillation

Bin Mu1, Jing Li1, Shijin Yuan1, Xiaodan Luo1, and Guokun Dai2 Bin Mu et al.
  • 1Department of Software Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai, China
  • 2Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences & Institute of Atmospheric Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, China

Abstract. The North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) is the most prominent atmospheric seesaw phenomenon in North Atlantic Ocean. It has a profound influence on the strength of westerly winds as well as the storm tracks in North Atlantic, thus affecting winter climate in Northern Hemisphere. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the mechanism related with the NAO events. In this paper, conditional nonlinear optimal perturbation (CNOP), which has been widely used in research on the optimal precursor (OPR) of climatic event, is adopted to investigate which kind of initial perturbation is most likely to trigger the NAO anomaly pattern with the Community Earth System Model (CESM). Since CESM does not have an adjoint model, we propose an adjoint-free parallel principal component analysis (PCA) based genetic algorithm (GA) and particle swarm optimization (PSO) hybrid algorithm (PGAPSO) to solve CNOP in such a high dimensional numerical model. The results demonstrate that the OPRs obtained by CNOP trigger the reference flow into typical NAO mode, which provide the theoretical underpinning in observation and prediction. Furthermore, the hybrid algorithm can accelerate convergence and avoid falling into a local optimum. After parallelization with Message Passing Interface (MPI) and Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA), the PGAPSO algorithm achieves a speed-up of 40× compared with its serial version. The results as mentioned above indicate that the proposed algorithm can efficiently and effectively acquire CNOP and can also be generalized to other complex numerical models.

Bin Mu et al.
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Bin Mu et al.
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Short summary
The North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) phenomenon has a significant impact on the global climate. In this paper, we propose a hybrid algorithm to identify the perturbations that trigger NAO events. The result indicates that the perturbations solved by our method can trigger the NAO mode successfully. Moreover, using the parallel framework, the speedup ratio of the parallel algorithm achieves 40 compared to the serial version.
The North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) phenomenon has a significant impact on the global climate....
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