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Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/npg-2019-56
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/npg-2019-56
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: research article 17 Dec 2019

Submitted as: research article | 17 Dec 2019

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A revised version of this preprint is currently under review for the journal NPG.

Nonlinear vortex solution for perturbations in the Earth’s Ionosphere

Miroslava Vukcevic and Luka Č. Popović Miroslava Vukcevic and Luka Č. Popović
  • Astronomical Observatory Belgrade, Volgina 7, Belgrade, Serbia

Abstract. There are many observational evidences of different fine structures in the ionosphere and magnetosphere of the Earth. Such structures are created and evolve as a perturbation of the ionosphere’s parameters. Instead of dealing with number of linear waves, we propose to investigate and follow up the perturbations in the ionosphere by dynamics of soliton structure. Apart of the fact that it is more accurate solution, the advantage of soliton solution is its localization in space and time as consequence of balance between nonlinearity and dispersion. The existence of such structure is driven by the properties of the medium. We derive necessary condition for having nonlinear soliton wave, taking the vortex shape, as description of ionosphere parameters perturbation. We employ magnetohydrodynamical description for the ionosphere in plane geometry, including rotational effects, magnetic field effects via ponderomotive force, pressure and gravitational potential effects, treating the problem self-consistently and nonlinearly. In addition, we consider compressible perturbation. As a result, we have obtained that Coriolis force and magnetic force at one side, and pressure and gravity on the other side, determine dispersive properties. Dispersion at higher latitudes is mainly driven by rotation, while near the equator, within the E and F-layer of ionosphere, magnetic field modifies the soliton solution. Also, very general description of the ionosphere results in the conclusion that the unperturbed thickness of the ionosphere layer cannot be taken as ad hoc assumption, it is rather consequence of equilibrium property, which is shown in this calculation.

Miroslava Vukcevic and Luka Č. Popović

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Miroslava Vukcevic and Luka Č. Popović

Miroslava Vukcevic and Luka Č. Popović

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